'''Gaius Julius Hyginus''' (; 64 BC – AD 17) was a Latin
author, a pupil of the famous Alexander Cornelius|Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor
, and a freedman of Augustus|Caesar Augustus
. He was elected superintendent of the Palatine library by Augustus according to Suetonius' minor works|Suetonius'
''De Grammaticis'', 20.
[Not everyone is sure that the Hyginus of ''Fabulae'' was this freedman of Augustus; for one, Edward Fitch, reviewing Herbert J. Rose, ''Hygini Fabulae'' in ''The American Journal of Philology'' '''56''',4 (1935), p. 422.]
It is not clear whether Hyginus was a native of the Iberian Peninsula
or of Alexandria
Suetonius remarks that he fell into great poverty in his old age, and was supported by the historian Clodius Licinus
. Hyginus was a voluminous author: his works included topographical and biographical treatises, commentaries on Helvius Cinna
and the poems of Virgil
, and disquisitions on...